Mahatma Gandhi, whom we also call Bapu, had the full name Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and he was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar. The son of Diwan Karamchand Gandhi of Porbandar and his fourth wife Putlibai later became Mahatma.
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Mahatma Gandhi, in his autobiography ‘My Experiments with Truth’, said that he had a profound impact on the family and mother being religious in childhood. Initial studies took place in Porbandar and then in Rajkot. Kasturba was married in 1883 at the age of 13. In 1888 he went to England to study law. Returned to Bombay and started advocacy, but it did not last. Meanwhile, in 1893, Gujarati traders went to South Africa at the invitation of Sheikh Abdullah and settled there. While going to Pretoria from Durban, a white person took him off the train at night despite having a first class ticket. Had to spend the night at the station. This inspired him to raise his voice against discrimination against Indians.
There has not been a single moment in Gandhi’s life in which he has expressed hatred of the people. The transparency of his life was uniform within and outside the mind. There was restraint and love in his speech. That is why even today the world draws inspiration from the life of Mahatma Gandhi.
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After the death of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Gandhi was considered a big leader of the Congress. After the Jallianwala Bagh massacre of 1919, he returned all the awards received from the British. Launched civil disobedience movement against Rowlett Act. Gandhiji marched in Dandi in 1930. In the 200-mile-long journey of Mahatma Gandhi, known as Salt Satyagraha, he broke the British law of not making salt. Despite being away from politics, he joined the Quit India Movement against the British in 1942.
During this time, the British had made up their mind to leave India in view of the activism of the Azad Hind Fauj, the situation created by the Naval Rebellion and the Second World War. Meanwhile, India became independent on 15 August 1947. However, partition took place and India and Pakistan became two countries. A section considered Gandhiji guilty for partition. Mahatma Gandhi was shot dead by a radical Nathuram Godse on 30 January 1948.
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The most powerful of Mahatma Gandhi’s ideas was the idea of non-violence. Which was made a weapon of revolution and protest in many countries of the world. On 15 June 2007, the General Assembly of the United Nations passed a resolution and decided to celebrate October 2 as International Day of Non-Violence and the same continues to this day.
Today’s Date is Also Remembered for These Events:
1904: India’s second Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri was born.
1952: Community Development Program in India started in 1952.
1961: Shipping Corporation of India was formed in Bombay (now Mumbai) in 1961.
1982: 60 dead, 700 injured in bombing in Tehran, Iran’s capital.
1985: The Dowry Prohibition Amendment Act came into force.
1989: The longest bridge over the sea opened between Mandapam and Pamban in Tamil Nadu.
2001: NATO, a 19-nation organization, gives the green signal for an attack on Afghanistan.
2004: UN Security Council approves proposal to send 5900 troops to Congo.
2006: South Africa decides to support India on nuclear fuel supply case.
2007: Second summit meeting between North Korea and South Africa concluded.
2012: Gunmen kill 20 students in Nigeria.